Council of Institutional Investors

Empirical Research on ESG and Engaged Ownership

CII invites members to consult our bibliography for a list of empirical studies that support ESG factors in investment and engaged ownership. This concise collection of research identifies empirical studies connecting improved firm performance and risk mitigation with three general categories: shareholder-friendly corporate governance, sustainability performance material to investors and engaged ownership. These studies generally align with CII’s policy perspective and advocacy work. Member organizations may wish to consider these and other studies to support their unique investment and stewardship strategies.

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ESG Factors and Engaged Ownership"